Compound heterozygosity for novel splice site mutations in the BPAG2/COL17A1 gene underlies generalized atrophic benign epidermolysis bullosa JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY Pulkkinen, L., Marinkovich, M. P., Tran, H. T., Lin, L., Herron, G. S., Uitto, J. 1999; 113 (6): 1114-1118


Generalized atrophic benign epidermolysis bullosa, GABEB (OMIM# 226650), is a nonlethal variant of epidermolysis bullosa with autosomal recessive inheritance pattern. The pathogenesis of this disorder can be caused by mutations affecting two different gene/protein systems. Most of the mutations have been identified in the BPAG2/COL17A1 gene encoding a hemidesmosomal transmembrane protein, the 180 kDa bullous pemphigoid antigen (BP180), also known as type XVII collagen. The minority of the mutations are localized in the LAMB3 gene encoding the beta3 polypeptide of laminin 5. In In this study we describe a GABEB patient who showed absent expression of BP180 in the cultured keratinocytes as well as in the skin. The patient was a compound heterozygote for two different splice site mutations, 3053-1G-->C and 3871+1G-->C, affecting the extra-cellular domain of the protein. These mutations resulted in multiple aberrant splice variants, three of them causing premature termination codons for translation. This case, dealing with out-of-frame splice site mutations in BPAG2/COL17A1, attests to the molecular heterogeneity of GABEB.

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