Survival after treatment with curative intent for hepatocellular carcinoma among patients with vs without non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics Wong, C. R., Njei, B. n., Nguyen, M. H., Nguyen, A. n., Lim, J. K. 2017


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is expected to become a leading aetiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-related mortality in the United States. HCC treatments with curative intent (OLT, orthotopic liver transplantation; resection; RFA, radiofrequency ablation) can improve survival in carefully selected patients.To compare survival after receipt of curative treatment for NAFLD and non-NAFLD-HCC aetiologies (HCV, chronic hepatitis C; HBV, chronic hepatitis B; ALD, alcoholic liver disease) and by treatment was performed.A cohort of 17 664 patients was assembled using linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results and Medicare data from 1991 to 2011 with confirmed diagnosis of HCC.The cohort was mostly male, aged 70 (21-106) years, without cardiovascular disease, and had liver cirrhosis without decompensation, metastatic HCC or large tumour size (>5 cm). The NAFLD-HCC group was mostly female and older with more cardiovascular disease, metastatic HCC, and large tumour size and less cirrhosis and decompensated liver disease than the non-NAFLD-HCC groups. The NAFLD group was 47% less likely to receive any curative treatment as compared with non-NAFLD aetiologies (OR 0.53, P < .001). NAFLD-HCC had worse median survival after OLT (3.2, 0-12.9 years, P = .01) but had improved survival after resection (2.4, 0-12.0 years, P < .001) as compared with non-NAFLD-HCC. No significant survival differences existed for RFA by HCC aetiology. NAFLD was not an independent predictor of mortality after OLT, resection or RFA.Patients with NAFLD-HCC had worse survival after OLT but favourable survival after resection, particularly in the absence of cirrhosis, as compared with non-NAFLD-HCC aetiologies.

View details for PubMedID 28960360