First Trimester Plasma Glucose Values in Women without Diabetes are Associated with Risk for Congenital Heart Disease in Offspring. The Journal of pediatrics Helle, E. I., Biegley, P. n., Knowles, J. W., Leader, J. B., Pendergrass, S. n., Yang, W. n., Reaven, G. R., Shaw, G. M., Ritchie, M. n., Priest, J. R. 2018; 195: 275–78


In a retrospective study of 19?171 mother-child dyads, elevated random plasma glucose values during early pregnancy were directly correlated with increased risk for congenital heart disease in offspring. Plasma glucose levels proximal to the period of cardiac development may represent a modifiable risk factor for congenital heart disease in expectant mothers without diabetes.

View details for PubMedID 29254757

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5869072