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Defining and characterizing the critical transition state prior to the type 2 diabetes disease. PloS one Jin, B. n., Liu, R. n., Hao, S. n., Li, Z. n., Zhu, C. n., Zhou, X. n., Chen, P. n., Fu, T. n., Hu, Z. n., Wu, Q. n., Liu, W. n., Liu, D. n., Yu, Y. n., Zhang, Y. n., McElhinney, D. B., Li, Y. M., Culver, D. S., Alfreds, S. T., Stearns, F. n., Sylvester, K. G., Widen, E. n., Ling, X. B. 2017; 12 (7): e0180937


Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with increased risk of serious long-term complications, currently represents 8.3% of the adult population. We hypothesized that a critical transition state prior to the new onset T2DM can be revealed through the longitudinal electronic medical record (EMR) analysis.We applied the transition-based network entropy methodology which previously identified a dynamic driver network (DDN) underlying the critical T2DM transition at the tissue molecular biological level. To profile pre-disease phenotypical changes that indicated a critical transition state, a cohort of 7,334 patients was assembled from the Maine State Health Information Exchange (HIE). These patients all had their first confirmative diagnosis of T2DM between January 1, 2013 and June 30, 2013. The cohort's EMRs from the 24 months preceding their date of first T2DM diagnosis were extracted.Analysis of these patients' pre-disease clinical history identified a dynamic driver network (DDN) and an associated critical transition state six months prior to their first confirmative T2DM state.This 6-month window before the disease state provides an early warning of the impending T2DM, warranting an opportunity to apply proactive interventions to prevent or delay the new onset of T2DM.

View details for PubMedID 28686739