To correlate changes in primate fundus after transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) at two wavelengths.Twelve primate eyes were treated with TTT using a wavelength of 635 nm (n=7) or 810 nm (n=5). Laser parameters were as follows: 635 nm (spot size, 1 mm; duration, 30-8 seconds; and fluence [power over time], 20-91.4 J/cm) and 810 nm (spot size, 2 mm; duration, 60 seconds; and fluence, 96-436 J/cm). Fundus photography, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, and enucleation were performed at time 0 or 2 weeks after TTT for histologic analysis.Threshold for fundus lesions (91.4 J/cm at 635 nm and 191 J/cm at 810 nm), acute and chronic retinal damage shown by histologic analysis (79.2 J/cm at 635 nm and 96 J/cm at 810 nm), and choroidal vessel occlusion (50 J/cm at 635 nm and 96 J/cm at 810 nm) were lower at 635 nm. Disorganization of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium was seen for both wavelengths at time 0 and 2 weeks after TTT. Occlusion of the choriocapillaris and choroidal stromal vessels was noted only in specimens obtained 2 weeks after TTT.TTT resulted in acute and delayed damage to the neurosensory retina that persisted at 2 weeks. The 635-nm wavelength demonstrated a lower threshold fluence for visible fundus lesions, retinal damage, and choroidal vascular occlusion than the 810-nm laser.
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View details for PubMedID 16340536