Characterization of dermatitis after PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor therapy and association with multiple oncologic outcomes: a retrospective case-control study. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Min Lee, C. K., Li, S., Tran, D. C., Zhu, G. A., Kim, J., Kwong, B. Y., Chang, A. L. 2018


BACKGROUND: Cutaneous adverse events are common with Programmed Death (PD)-1/ PD-Ligand (L)1 inhibitors. However, the nature of the specific cutaneous adverse event of dermatitis has not been investigated across various PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. Oncologic outcomes potentially associated with dermatitis are not well characterized.OBJECTIVE: (s): To assess the nature of dermatitis after PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor exposure and oncologic outcomes associated with dermatitis.METHODS: Retrospective, matched, case-control study conducted at a single academic center.RESULTS: The most common histologic patterns were lichenoid dermatitis (50%) and spongiotic dermatitis (40%). Overall tumor response rate was 65.0% for cases and 17.0% for controls (p=0.0007), odds ratio: 7.3 (95% CI 2.3-23.1). Progression Free Survival (PFS) and Overall Survival (OS) times were significantly longer for cases than controls by Kaplan-Meier analysis (p<0.0001 and 0.0203, respectively).LIMITATIONS: Retrospective design and relatively small sample size precluded matching on all cancer types.CONCLUSION: Lichenoid and spongiotic dermatitis associated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors could be a sign of robust immune response and improved oncologic outcomes. The predictive value of PD-1/PD-L1 related dermatitis on cancer outcomes awaits investigation through prospective multicenter studies for specific cancer types.

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