To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization (TARE) for the treatment of primary and metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of the liver.A retrospective review of 39 patients with primary (n = 2) and metastatic (n = 37) hepatic STS treated with TARE at 4 institutions was performed. Fourteen STS subtypes were included, with leiomyosarcoma being the most common (51%). TARE with glass (22 patients) or resin (17 patients) microspheres was performed, with single lobe (17 patients) or bilobar treatment (22 patients) based on disease burden. Adverse events of treatment, overall survival (OS), and tumor response at 3, 6, and 12 months after TARE were assessed per the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors.Fourteen patients demonstrated either partial or complete response to therapy, with an objective response rate of 36%. Thirty patients (77%) demonstrated disease control (DC)-either stable disease or response to treatment. Median OS was 30 months (95% confidence interval 12-43 months) for all patients. DC at 3 months was associated with an increased median OS (44 months) compared with progressive disease (PD) (7.5 months; P < .0001). Patients with DC at 6 months also demonstrated an increased median OS (38 months) compared to patients with PD (17 months; P = .0443). Substantial adverse events included 1 liver abscess, 1 gastric ulceration, and 1 pneumonitis.Patients with hepatic STS treated with TARE demonstrated a high rate of DC and a median OS of 30 months, which suggests a role for TARE in the palliation of hepatic STS.
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