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Cerebellopontine angle tumor resection and cranial nerve microvascular decompression are usually performed with the aid of the surgical microscope. The endoscope is commonly used as an adjuvant.A retrosigmoid craniectomy is done. Upon dural opening, the endoscope is inserted into the operative field along the petrotentorial junction. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage provides a wider space for introduction of the endoscope and surgical instruments. Traditional microsurgical techniques are used during the entire procedure.A fully endoscopic retrosigmoid approach is a safe and effective procedure for cerebellopontine angle tumor resection and cranial nerve microvascular decompression.• Careful examination of preoperative studies is needed to identify anatomical peculiarities. • Patient positioning: the head must be gently flexed and its vertex gently tilted toward the floor. • Neurophysiologic monitoring and intraoperative navigation. • Craniectomy: partial exposure of the transverse and sigmoid sinuses. • Curvilinear dural incision reflected laterally to minimize the risk of sinus injury. • Opening the cerebellomedullary cistern for CSF drainage and cerebellar relaxation. • Dynamic endoscopy enhances depth perception and must be performed by a team with experience in endoscopic intracranial surgery. • Traditional microsurgical techniques have to be applied during the entire operation. • Multilayer reconstruction, including watertight dural closure. • Meningiomas causing brainstem shift are not suitable for endoscopic resection.
View details for PubMedID 25596641