OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate and risk factors for future stress incontinence (SUI) surgery in a large population based cohort of previously continent women following pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair without concomitant SUI treatment.METHODS: Data from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) was used to identify all women who underwent anterior, apical or combined antero-apical POP repair without concomitant SUI procedures in the state of California between 2005-2011 with at least one-year follow-up. Patient and surgical characteristics were explored for associations with subsequent SUI procedures.RESULTS: Of 41,689 women undergoing anterior or apical POP surgery, 1,504 (3.6%) underwent subsequent SUI surgery with a mean follow-up time of 4.1 years. Age (OR 1.01), obesity (OR 1.98), use of mesh at the time of POP repair (OR 2.04), diabetes mellitus (OR 1.19), White race and combined antero-apical repair (OR 1.30) were associated with an increased odds of future SUI surgery.CONCLUSIONS: The rate of subsequent surgery for de novo SUI following POP repair on a population level is low. Patient and surgical characteristics may alter a woman's individual risk and should be considered in surgical planning.
View details for PubMedID 30222995