Left Pan-Hippocampal Low Grade Glioma-2-Stage Transsylvian Transventricular and Paramedian Supracerebellar Transtentorial Approaches: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.) Fernandez-Miranda, J. C. 2018


The surgical goal for low-grade gliomas (LGGs) is to maximize resection while minimizing morbidity. Pan-hippocampal LGGs extend from the hippocampal head to the hippocampal tail, and involve the parahippocampal gyrus and uncus. Given their anteroposterior extension, they cannot be completely removed with 1 single approach, requiring a 2-stage front-to-back operation.In this video, we present the case of a 52-yr-old man with new onset of generalized seizures and a dominant-side, nonenhancing, pan-hippocampal infiltrative lesion compatible with a low-grade glioma. Preoperative high-definition fiber tractography (HDFT) showed the spatial relationship of the tumor with surrounding fiber tracts, such as the arcuate, inferior fronto-occipital, and middle longitudinal fascicles, and optic radiations.Surgical resection was planned in 2 separate stages. The first stage consisted of a transsylvian transinferior insular sulcus approach to the extra- and intraventricular aspects of the uncohippocampal region. The entire anterior and middle portions of the tumor were successfully removed with minimal morbidity, including transient naming difficulties and permanent superior quadrantanopia. Postoperative HDFT showed preservation of all fiber tracts, except for a portion of Meyer's loop and the inferior-most aspect of the inferior fronto-occipital fascicle. The second stage was completed 8 wk later and consisted of a paramedian supracerebellar-transtentorial approach on sitting position. The posterior portion of the tumor was entirely removed to achieve a complete macroscopic tumor resection. The final diagnosis was IDH1-positive LGG.Pan-hippocampal tumors remain a surgical challenge but accurate knowledge of surgical neuroanatomy and surgical approaches facilitates their safe and effective treatment.The patient signed an informed consent including the use of photographic and video material for educational or academic purposes.

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