INTRODUCTION: Total joint arthroplasty represents the largest expense for a single condition among Medicare beneficiaries. Payment models exist, such as bundled payments, where physicians and hospitals are reimbursed based on providing cost-efficient, high-quality care. There is a need to explicitly define "quality" relevant to hip and knee arthroplasty. Based on prior quality measure research, we hypothesized that less than 20% of developed quality measures are outcome measures.METHODS: This study systematically reviewed current and candidate quality measures relevant to total hip and knee arthroplasty using several quality measure databases and an Internet library search.RESULTS: We found a total of 35 quality measures and 81 candidate measures, most of which were process measures (N = 21, 60%), and represented the National Quality Strategy priorities of patient- and caregiver-centered experience and outcomes (31%), effective clinical care (28%), or patient safety (19%).CONCLUSION: Various stakeholders have developed quality measures in total joint arthroplasty, with increasing focus on developing outcome measures. The results of this review inform orthopaedic surgeons on quality measures that payers could use value-based payment models like the Merit-based Incentive Payment System and Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, systematic review of level I evidence.
View details for PubMedID 30303844