Effect of Rosuvastatin on Acute Kidney Injury in Sepsis-Associated Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Canadian journal of kidney health and disease Hsu, R. K., Truwit, J. D., Matthay, M. A., Levitt, J. E., Thompson, B. T., Liu, K. D. 2018; 5: 2054358118789158


Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) commonly occurs in patients with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Objective: To investigate whether statin treatment is protective against AKI in sepsis-associated ARDS.Design: Secondary analysis of data from Statins for Acutely Injured Lungs in Sepsis (SAILS), a randomized controlled trial that tested the impact of rosuvastatin therapy on mortality in patients with sepsis-associated ARDS.Setting: 44 hospitals in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ARDS Clinical Trials Network.Patients: 644 of 745 participants in SAILS who had available baseline serum creatinine data and who were not on chronic dialysis.Measurements: Our primary outcome was AKI defined using the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes creatinine criteria. Randomization to rosuvastatin vs placebo was the primary predictor. Additional covariates include demographics, ARDS etiology, and severity of illness.Methods: We used multivariable logistic regression to analyze AKI outcomes in 511 individuals without AKI at randomization, and 93 with stage 1 AKI at randomization.Results: Among individuals without AKI at randomization, rosuvastatin treatment did not change the risk of AKI (adjusted odds ratio: 0.99, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.67-1.44). Among those with preexisting stage 1 AKI, rosuvastatin treatment was associated with an increased risk of worsening AKI (adjusted odds ratio: 3.06, 95% CI: 1.14-8.22). When serum creatinine was adjusted for cumulative fluid balance among those with preexisting stage 1 AKI, rosuvastatin was no longer associated worsening AKI (adjusted odds ratio: 1.85, 95% CI: 0.70-4.84).Limitations: Sample size, lack of urine output data, and prehospitalization baseline creatinine.Conclusion: Treatment with rosuvastatin in patients with sepsis-associated ARDS did not protect against de novo AKI or worsening of preexisting AKI.

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