Daclatasvir and Sofosbuvir Treatment of Decompensated Liver Disease or Post-Liver Transplant Hepatitis C Virus Recurrence in Patients With Advanced Liver Disease/Cirrhosis in a Real-World Cohort HEPATOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS Kwo, P., Fried, M. W., Reddy, K., Soldevila-Pico, C., Khemichian, S., Darling, J., Zamor, P. J., Napoli, A. A., Anduze-Faris, B., Brown, R. S. 2018; 2 (4): 354–63


We report the findings of an early access program providing treatment for chronic hepatitis C virus infection (any genotype) with daclatasvir and sofosbuvir with/without ribavirin to patients with Child-Pugh class C cirrhosis or prior liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C virus infection and advanced fibrosis/cirrhosis. Patients had <12-month life expectancies per the local investigator. Patients received daclatasvir 60 mg and sofosbuvir 400 mg once daily, with/without ribavirin, for 24 weeks. Sustained virologic response (SVR) at posttreatment week 12 (SVR12) was measured. Assessments adhered to local standards. One patient (prior Child-Pugh class C who improved to class B) enrolled by exemption was included in the overall data but not the class C cohort efficacy/safety data. Of the 77 treated patients, including 62 liver transplant recipients (genotype 1, n = 43, 69%; genotype 3, n = 16, 26%) and 14 patients with Child-Pugh class C cirrhosis (genotype 1, n = 4, 29%; genotype 3, n = 10, 71%), 63 (82%) completed treatment. SVR12 rates by modified intention-to-treat analysis (excluding nonvirologic failures lost to follow-up and withdrawal [consent/no reason]) in the overall, liver transplant, and Child-Pugh class C cohorts were 84% (n = 64/76), 90% (n = 56/62), and 62% (n = 8/13), respectively. Rates increased to 96% (n = 64/67), 97% (n = 56/58), and 89% (n = 8/9), respectively, in patients with available virologic data (including early discontinuations); 22/23 patients with genotype 3 (96%) achieved SVR12. Single cases of virologic nonresponse and relapse (both in liver transplant recipients with genotype 1) and viral breakthrough (Child-Pugh class C; genotype 3) occurred. Six patients died, 10 had adverse events leading to discontinuation, and 30 experienced serious adverse events. Conclusion: Daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir, with/without ribavirin, provided high SVR12 rates and was generally well tolerated in patients with life-threatening disease and high unmet needs. (Hepatology Communications 2018;2:354-363).

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