Dyslipidemia is common in patients undergoing heart transplantation and is associated with the progression of cardiac allograft vasculopathy. Two monoclonal antibodies directed against PCSK9i-evolocumab and alirocumab-are currently available. However, their use, safety and efficacy in the post-transplant setting have not been studied. We present our experience with 6 heart transplant recipients treated with a PCSK9i. A > 70% reduction in LDL-cholesterol was observed after evolocumab therapy. PCSK9 inhibitors are a potentially lipid-lowering therapeutic option for heart transplant patients with suboptimal LDL despite maximal tolerated statin doses.
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