Assessment of Older Adult Candidates for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: Updates and Remaining Questions. Expert review of hematology Kennedy, V. E., Muffly, L. S. 2019


INTRODUCTION: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) has seen marked growth among older adults, where chronological age is no longer a barrier to transplant. As allo-HCT expands to older and potentially less fit individuals, prognosticating transplant outcomes in this population remains an ongoing need. Areas Covered: This review summarizes pre-transplant assessment tools in optimizing patient selection and predicting transplant outcomes in older adults, including comorbidity indices, psychosocial assessment, geriatric assessment, serum biomarkers, and disease risk. This review also discusses the impact of donor age and clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate significance on transplant outcomes. Expert Opinion: Determining which patients should be referred for transplant remains challenging, especially in older adults. Chronological age is an insufficient prognostic metric, and refining, validating, and developing novel pre-transplant risk assessment tools for geriatric patients offers great potential benefit to the field.

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