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Cranial vault reconstruction is a complex procedure due to the need for precise 3-dimensional outcomes. Traditionally, the process involves manual bending of calvarial bone and plates. With the advent of virtual surgical planning (VSP), this procedure can be streamlined. Despite the advantages documented in the literature, there have been no case-control studies comparing VSP to traditional open cranial vault reconstruction.Data were retrospectively collected on patients who underwent craniosynostosis repair during a 7-year period. Information was collected on patient demographics, intraoperative and postoperative factors, and intraoperative surgical time. High-resolution computed tomography scans were used for preoperative planning with engineers when designing osteotomies, bone flaps, and final positioning guides.A total of 66 patients underwent open craniosynostosis reconstruction between 2010 and 2017. There were 35 control (non-VSP) and 28 VSP cases. No difference in age, gender ratios, or number of prior operations was found. Blood loss was similar between the 2 groups. The VSP group had more screws and an increased length of postoperative hospital stay. The length of the operation was shorter in the VSP group for single suture and for multiple suture operations. Operative time decreased as the attending surgeon increased familiarity with the technique.VSP is a valuable tool for craniosynostosis repair. We found VSP decreases surgical time and allows for improved preoperative planning. Although there have been studies on VSP, this is the first large case-control study to be performed on its use in cranial vault remodeling.
View details for PubMedID 30656118