BACKGROUND: Elevated serum concentrations of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) are associated with cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease and those undergoing dialysis.OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypotheses that polymorphisms in FGF23, its co-receptor alpha-klotho (KL), and/or FGF23 receptors (FGFR) are associated with cardiovascular events and/or mortality.METHODS: We used 1,494 DNA samples collected at baseline from the Evaluation of Cinacalcet HCl Therapy to Lower Cardiovascular Events Trial, in which patients were randomized to the calcimimetic cinacalcet or placebo for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism. We analyzed European and African Ancestry samples separately and then combined summary statistics to perform a meta-analysis. We evaluated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FGF23, KL, and FGFR4 as the key exposures of interest in proportional hazards (Cox) regression models using adjudicated endpoints (all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, sudden cardiac death, and heart failure [HF]) as the outcomes of interest.RESULTS: rs11063112 in FGF23 was associated with cardiovascular mortality (risk allele = A, hazard ratio [HR] 1.32, meta-p value = 0.004) and HF (HR 1.40, meta-p value = 0.007). No statistically significant associations were observed between FGF23 rs13312789 and SNPs in FGFR4 or KL genes and the outcomes of interest.CONCLUSIONS: rs11063112 was associated with HF and cardiovascular mortality in patients receiving dialysis with moderate to severe secondary hyperparathyroidism.
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