Single position versus lateral-then-prone positioning for lateral interbody fusion and pedicle screw fixation. Journal of spine surgery (Hong Kong) Ziino, C., Konopka, J. A., Ajiboye, R. M., Ledesma, J. B., Koltsov, J. C., Cheng, I. 2018; 4 (4): 717–24


Background: To compare perioperative and radiographic outcomes following lateral lumbar interbody fusions in two cohorts of patients who either underwent single position or dual position surgery.Methods: Patients over the age of 18 with degenerative lumbar pathology who underwent a lumbar interbody fusion via lateral access from 2012-2015 from a single surgeon met inclusion criteria. Patients who underwent combined procedures, had a history of retroperitoneal surgery, or had inadequate preoperative imaging were excluded. Patients who remained in the lateral decubitus position for pedicle screw fixation [single-position (SP)] were compared to those turned prone [dual-position (DP)]. Demographics, surgical details, and perioperative outcomes were compared between groups.Results: A total of 42 SP and 24 DP patients were analyzed. The DP group had a 44.4-minute longer operating room time compared to the SP group (P<0.001) after adjusting for the number of levels operated (P<0.001) and unilateral versus bilateral screw placement (P=0.048). Otherwise, no differences were observed in peri-operative outcomes. Lordosis was not different between groups pre-operatively (P>0.999) or post-operatively (P=0.479), and neither was the pre- to post-operative change (P=0.283).Conclusions: Lateral pedicle screw fixation following lateral interbody fusion decreases operating room time without compromising post-operative lordosis, complication rates, or perioperative outcomes.

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