BACKGROUND: Selecting the optimal surgical approach for resection of sinonasal inverted papilloma (SIP) remains a challenge, with endoscopic, external, and combined approaches being utilized. This systematic review was conducted as an update to a 2006 systematic review to determine the preferred surgical approach for tumor control.METHODS: The study protocol was developed a priori following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) process. Data were collected and outcomes were analyzed according to surgical approach and sites of tumor involvement.RESULTS: A total of 96 papers and 4134 SIP patients were included. The overall recurrence rate was 12.80% (322/2515) for the endoscopic approach group, 16.58% (182/1098) for the external approach group, and 12.60% (65/516) for the combined approach group. Meta-analysis by random effects model showed that the summarized risk ratio (RR) of recurrence was 0.61 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44 to 0.85, p = 0.003), I2 = 37.95% for the endoscopic vs external approach; 0.98 (95% CI, 0.69 to 1.39, p = 0.901), I2 = 9.06% for the endoscopic vs combined approach; 1.61 (95% CI, 1.06 to 2.43, p = 0.025), I2 = 0.00% for the external vs combined approach. After adjusting for publication bias, the adjusted RRs were 0.66 (p = 0.014) for endoscopic vs external; 0.99 (p = 0.955) for endoscopic vs combined; and 1.33 (p = 0.224) for external vs combined.CONCLUSION: An enlarging and maturing body of literature continues to indicate that endoscopic approaches result in significantly lower recurrence rates than open approaches for surgical resection of SIP.
View details for PubMedID 30748098