The mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) gene is altered and becomes a driver mutation in up to 5% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We report our institutional experience treating patients with MET exon 14 skipping (METex14) mutations, including responses to the MET inhibitors crizotinib and cabozantinib. We identified cases of NSCLC with METex14 mutations using an institutionally developed or commercial next-generation sequencing assay. We assessed patient and disease characteristics by retrospective chart review. Some patients were treated off-label by the physician with crizotinib or cabozantinib, and tumor responses to these agents were assessed. A total of 15 patients with METex14-mutated NSCLC were identified, predominantly male (n=10) with a smoking history (60%) and a median age of 74.0 years. No other actionable somatic mutations were detected. Stage distribution included 26.7% stage I, 6.7% stage II, 6.7% stage III, and 60.0% stage IV. Among patients treated with crizotinib or cabozantinib (n=6), three patients showed partial response and one patient showed stable disease on the basis of RECIST criteria. Four patients experienced side effects requiring drug holiday, reduction, or cessation. Our findings highlight the diversity in presentation and histology of NSCLC with METex14 mutations, which were found in the absence of other actionable driver mutations. We observed evidence of tumor response to crizotinib and cabozantinib, supporting the previous reports that METex14 mutations in NSCLC are actionable driver events.
View details for PubMedID 30762593