Signaling through cAMP plays an important role in heart failure. Phosphorylation of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) at serine-133 regulates gene expression in the heart. We examined the functional significance of CREB-S133 phosphorylation by comparing transgenic models in which a phosphorylation resistant CREB-S133A mutant containing either an intact or a mutated leucine zipper domain (CREB-S133A-LZ) was expressed in the heart. In vitro, CREB-S133A retained the ability to interact with wild-type CREB, whereas CREB-S133A-LZ did not. In vivo, CREB-S133A and CREB-S133A-LZ were expressed at comparable levels in the heart; however, CREB-S133A markedly suppressed the phosphorylation of endogenous CREB, whereas CREB-S133A-LZ had no effect. The one-year survival of mice from two CREB-S133A-LZ transgenic lines was equivalent to nontransgenic littermate control mice (NTG), whereas transgenic CREB-S133A mice died with heart failure at a median 30 wk of age (P < 0.0001). CREB-S133A mice had an altered gene expression characteristic of the failing heart, whereas CREB-S133A-LZ mice did not. Left ventricular contractile function was substantially reduced in CREB-S133A mice versus NTG mice and only modestly reduced in CREB-S133A-LZ mice (P < 0.02). When considered in light of other studies, these findings indicate that overexpression of the CREB leucine zipper is required for both inhibition of endogenous CREB phosphorylation and cardiomyopathy in this murine model of heart failure.
View details for DOI 10.1152/ajpheart.00516.2007.
View details for Web of Science ID 000249237800070
View details for PubMedID 17616745
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3911886