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Recent Advances in Prevention and Therapies for Clinical or Experimental Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Digestive diseases and sciences Wang, K., Tao, G., Sylvester, K. G. 2019


Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most severe diseases of preterm neonates and has a high mortality rate. With the development of inspection techniques and new biomarkers, the diagnostic accuracy of NEC is constantly improving. The most recognized potential risk factors include prematurity, formula-feeding, infection, and microbial dysbiosis. With further understanding of the pathogenesis, more effective prevention and therapies will be applied to clinical or experimental NEC. At present, such new potential prevention and therapies for NEC are mainly focused on the Toll-like receptor 4 inflammatory signaling pathway, the repair of intestinal barrier function, probiotics, antioxidative stress, breast-feeding, and immunomodulatory agents. Many new studies have changed our understanding of the pathogenesis of NEC and improve our approaches for preventing and treating of NEC each year. This review provides an overview of the recent researches focused on clinical or experimental NEC and highlights the advances made within the past 5years toward the development of new potential preventive approaches and therapies for this disease.

View details for PubMedID 30989465