In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a translocation between chromosomes 8q22 and 21q22 leads to the RUNX1-RUNXT1 fusion gene which, in the absence of a concomitant KIT mutation, generally portends a more favorable prognosis. Translocations at 21q22, other than those involving 8q22, are uncommon, and the specific prognostic and therapeutic implications are accordingly limited by the small number of reported cases. In this report, we describe the case of a 67-year-old gentleman who presented with AML harboring t(14;21)(q23;q22). Subsequent molecular analysis revealed mutations in RUNX1, ASXL1, and SF3B1, with translocation breakpoints identified within SYNE2 on chromosome 14 and RUNX1 on chromosome 21. The functional consequence of the DNA fusion between SYNE2 and RUNX1 is unclear. Nonetheless, despite several adverse risk factors associated with this patient's AML, he achieved a long-lasting remission with standard chemotherapy alone, potentially suggestive of a novel favorable-risk translocation in AML involving 21q22.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cancergen.2017.07.002
View details for Web of Science ID 000414382900010
View details for PubMedID 29025598