Wnt-4 expression is increased in fibroblasts after TGF-beta 1 stimulation and during fetal and postnatal wound repair PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., Lorenz, H. P. 2006; 117 (7): 2297-2301


Wnt-4 is a mitogen expressed during postnatal repair and scar formation; however, its expression profile during scarless repair is unknown. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 has high expression during healing with scar formation. Whether TGF-beta1 directly influences Wnt-4 expression in fetal or postnatal fibroblasts has not been examined.Primary fetal and postnatal mouse fibroblasts were stimulated with TGF-beta1 and Wnt-4 expression quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Fetal E17 and postnatal mouse excisional wounds were also analyzed for Wnt-4 expression by real-time polymerase chain reaction.In E17 fibroblasts after TGF-beta1 stimulation, Wnt-4 expression increased 4-fold at 1 hour (p < 0.05) and peaked with an 11-fold increase at 2 hours (p < 0.05). By 24 hours, expression decreased to 2-fold baseline levels (p < 0.05). In postnatal fibroblasts, Wnt-4 expression also increased after TGF-beta stimulation, but peak expression was larger and relatively delayed, with a 17-fold increase at 12 hours (p < 0.005). Expression levels at 24 hours were still 4-fold greater than baseline (p < 0.05). In E17 fetal skin, Wnt-4 expression was 3.5-fold greater compared with 3-week-old mice (p < 0.005). Small increases in Wnt-4 expression (less than 2-fold) occurred during both fetal scarless and postnatal scarring mouse wound repair.The authors' data suggest that TGF-beta directly increases Wnt-4 expression in fetal and postnatal fibroblasts and that Wnt-4 is increased in both fetal and postnatal repair.

View details for DOI 10.1097/01.prs.0000218708.16909.31

View details for Web of Science ID 000238431500029

View details for PubMedID 16772932