Adult spinal deformity has become an increasingly recognized condition, with a 32% incidence in the adult population and a 68% incidence in the elderly population. Often, patients with adult spinal deformity are initially offered nonsurgical treatment for their symptoms despite the lack of data to support its efficacy because of the high complication rate associated with surgical treatment in this age group. Determining which patients would benefit the most from nonsurgical versus surgical treatment remains a challenge. Limited evidence exists to support guidelines on the most effective way to treat patients with adult spinal deformity. Treatment decisions for patients with adult spinal deformity often rely on individual surgeon experience and patient preferences.
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