Epithelial-mesenchymal transition occurs after epidermal development in mouse skin EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH Kong, W., Li, S., Liu, C., Bari, A. S., Longaker, M. T., Lorenz, H. P. 2006; 312 (19): 3959-3968


In the present study, we studied epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) with fetal and postnatal serial skin sections. E-cadherin, occludin and zonula occludens 1 (ZO-1)-expressing cells appear in the dermal area from E18.5 to postnatal day 9 (P9), with highest expression from P2 to P5. The co-expression of mesenchymal marker alpha-smooth muscle (alpha-SMA), fibronectin and vimentin with E-cadherin in these dermal cells was further examined. Almost no dermal cells express alpha-SMA before P0. From P2 to P6, cells expressing both E-cadherin and alpha-SMA appear in the dermis. In contrast, fibronectin-releasing cells were detected in the dermis as early as on E15.5, although on P5, some dermal cells was found weakly expressing both fibronectin and E-cadherin, most cells strongly expressing fibronectin did not express E-cadherin. Vimentin was mainly expressed in both endothelial and blood-derived cells and did not show co-expression with E-cadherin. Confocal microscopy studies further found that during EMT, E-cadherin appears intracellularly, while the expression of alpha-SMA starts from the membrane area and moves to the cytosol of the cells. Our data are the first in vivo evidence that EMT occurs during mouse skin development. Dermal cells are derived from EMT and other origins, including blood, during skin development.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.yexcr.2006.08.029

View details for Web of Science ID 000241790000023

View details for PubMedID 17027753