Primary and secondary orbit surgery: The transconjunctival approach 7th International Congress of the International-Society-for-Craniofacial-Surgery Lorenz, H. P., Longaker, M. T., Kawamoto, H. K. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 1999: 1124–28


The transconjunctival approach to the orbit is underutilized because of concern regarding inadequate exposure and higher postoperative rates of lower eyelid shortening and ectropion. All patients who had a transconjunctival incision performed for orbital surgery over the last 6 years (1990 to 1996) were studied. Patients who had a transconjunctival blepharoplasty were excluded. A total of 35 patients, average age 32 years, had 45 transconjunctival incisions performed. Lateral canthotomy or cantholysis was not done. Operations fell into three categories: fracture plating alone, 10 (22 percent); split-calvarial bone graft placement with or without plating, 26 (58 percent); and orbital decompression, 9 (20 percent). The overall incidence of ectropion was 6.7 percent (3 of 45). One patient (2 percent) had transient ectropion, and two patients (4 percent) had persistent ectropion, which required surgical correction. Ectropion occurred only in those lower eyelids that had a previous transcutaneous incision (3 of 18 = 17 percent). None occurred in those eyelids that had no prior incision or only a previous transconjunctival incision. The transconjunctival approach without a lateral canthotomy provides safe access to the orbit in eyelids that have not had a previous transconjunctival incision.

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