The transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta family regulates cellular proliferation, differentiation, and migration. To better define the influence of keratinocyte-derived TGF-beta during development and repair, the authors examined the TGF-beta isoform, receptor, signal messenger Smad, and collagen type I expression in fetal and postnatal keratinocytes.Sprague-Dawley rat keratinocytes were isolated in primary culture from fetal E17 (n = 6), newborn (n = 4), and 6-week-old adults (n = 4). Under serum-free conditions, quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed for TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2, and TGF-beta3 ligands; TGF-beta receptor 1 (RI) and TGF-beta receptor 2 (RII); Smad4 and Smad7; and collagen type I expression.Total TGF-beta isoform expression increased 1.7-fold from E17 to newborn (p < 0.05) and adult (p < 0.01) ages. TGF-beta1 expression was 25-fold greater than TGF-beta2 and 10-fold greater than TGF-beta3 in fetal keratinocytes (p < 0.01 for each). The expression of TGF-beta1 was fivefold greater compared with TGF-beta2 and TGF-beta3 in newborn and adult keratinocytes (p < 0.01). TGF-beta-RI expression increased more than twofold (p < 0.01), whereas TGF-beta-RII expression increased by 25 percent (p < 0.01) from E17 to adult age. Smad4 increased more than twofold (p < 0.01), whereas Smad7 did not change appreciably. Collagen type I expression increased over 100-fold from E17 to adult (p < 0.005).The TGF-beta system and collagen type I have increased expression with increasing gestational age in keratinocytes. This suggests an increased profibrotic TGF-beta response and collagen type I production in keratinocytes during skin differentiation at ages associated with scarring.
View details for DOI 10.1097/01.prs.0000255541.39993.66
View details for Web of Science ID 000244438700011
View details for PubMedID 17312487