A new generation of surgical tools, known as surgical navigation systems, has been developed to help surgeons install implants more accurately and reproducibly. Navigation systems also record quantitative information such as joint range of motion, laxity, and kinematics intra-operatively. This article reviews the history of surgical navigation for total knee arthroplasty, the biomechanical principles associated with this technology, and the related clinical research studies. We describe how navigation has the potential to address three main challenges for total knee arthroplasty: ensuring excellent and consistent outcomes, treating younger and more physically active patients, and enabling less invasive surgery.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2007.01.006
View details for PubMedID 17317419