This study evaluated a phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique capable of simultaneously allowing determination of velocity and volume flow rate (VFR) in both carotid arteries and the basilar artery. Forty patients were studied; 24 were neurologically normal, and 16 had intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). In the normal group, mean basilar flow was significantly less than mean carotid flow. Mean velocity and VFR showed a significant decline with age in the basilar artery. Carotid artery flow and total cerebral blood flow did not decline with age. In the AVM patients, flow and velocity measurements were significantly elevated in all three arteries. Flow in the carotid artery ipsilateral to the AVM was significantly greater than flow in the contralateral carotid artery. VFR increased in all three arteries with increasing AVM volume. Four patients underwent partial embolization, and a corresponding decrease in flow was observed. Phase-contrast cine MR imaging provides rapid, simultaneous, noninvasive velocity and VFR measurement in the major intracranial arteries.
View details for Web of Science ID A1992HA58600033
View details for PubMedID 1732966