Germline mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 account for the majority of hereditary breast cancers, many of which are classified as variants of unknown significance (VUS). We report the identification of a novel BRCA2 variant (c.7806-9T > G) in a Chinese family with multiple breast cancers and document it as a pathogenic mutation.The proband in this family was diagnosed with breast cancer at age 50 with a strong family history of breast cancer. DNA and RNA were extracted from the blood of the proband and her family, and was used for BRCA gene mutation/deletion screening and RNA splicing analysis.BRCA2 c.7806-9T > G was identified in the proband, which was suggestive of a variant. This change was also found in two sisters of the proband with a history of breast cancer, as well as from the proband's maternal gastric cancer. The only sibling free of breast cancer did not carry the BRCA2 variant, thus demonstrating that the mutation segregates with the clinical phenotype in this family. RNA analysis on the proband blood sample revealed three aberrant splicing variants: c.7806_7874del, c.7806_7976del, and c.7806-8_7806-1ins. The latter causes a frameshift and creates a truncated protein, whilst the other two splicing variants resulted in shorter forms of the protein.The identified BRCA2 c.7806-9T > G [Genbank: DQ889340] was found to be pathogenic, based on aberrant splicing events resulting in the formation of truncated protein products. Thus, better understanding and classification of BRCA variants as neutral or disease causing has important implications for genetic counseling so that appropriate management can be given.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s10689-007-9155-7
View details for Web of Science ID 000256823500003
View details for PubMedID 17657584