Sequential flavopiridol, cytosine arabinoside, and mitoxantrone: A phase II trial in adults with poor-risk acute myelogenous leukemia CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH Karp, J. E., Smith, B. D., Levis, M. J., Gore, S. D., Greer, J., Hattenburg, C., Briel, J., Jones, R. J., Wright, J. J., Colevas, A. D. 2007; 13 (15): 4467-4473


Flavopiridol is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that is cytotoxic to leukemic blasts. In a phase I study of flavopiridol followed by 1-beta-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) and mitoxantrone, overall response rate for adults with relapsed and refractory acute myelogenous leukemias (AML) was 31%. We have now completed a phase II study of sequential flavopiridol, ara-C, and mitoxantrone in 62 adults with poor-risk AML.Flavopiridol (50 mg/m(2)) was given by 1-h infusion daily x 3 beginning day 1 followed by 2 gm/m(2)/72 h ara-C beginning day 6 and 40 mg/m(2) mitoxantrone on day 9.Flavopiridol caused a > or =50% decrease in peripheral blood blasts in 44% by median day 2 and > or =80% decrease in 26% by day 3. Self-limited tumor lysis occurred in 53%. Three (5%) died during therapy (2 multiorgan failure and 1 fungal pneumonia). Complete remissions (CR) were achieved in 12 of 15 (75%) newly diagnosed secondary AML, 18 of 24 (75%) first relapse after short CR (median CR, 9 months, including prior allotransplant), and 2 of 13 (15%) primary refractory but 0 of 10 multiply refractory AML. Disease-free survival for all CR patients is 40% at 2 years, with newly diagnosed patients having a 2-year disease-free survival of 50%.Flavopiridol has anti-AML activity directly and in combination with ara-C and mitoxantrone. This timed sequential regimen induces durable CRs in a significant proportion of adults with newly diagnosed secondary AML (including complex cytogenetics) and adults with AML in first relapse after short first CR.

View details for DOI 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-0381

View details for Web of Science ID 000248525100024

View details for PubMedID 17671131