Active vitamin D derivatives attenuate the severity of secondary hyperparathyroidism but often increase serum calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) as a result of enhanced intestinal absorption. The calcimimetic cinacalcet HCl lowers parathyroid hormone (PTH) and tends to decrease Ca x P. A 16-wk, open-label clinical trial was conducted in adult hemodialysis patients who had controlled PTH (biointact PTH [biPTH] 80 to 160 pg/ml) and elevated Ca x P (> 55 mg2/dl2) and were receiving paricalcitol > 6 microg/wk (or an equipotent dose of an alternative active vitamin D derivative). At the start of the study, active vitamin D derivatives were decreased to a mean equivalent dose of paricalcitol 6 microg/wk, and cinacalcet was titrated from 30 mg/d to a maximum possible dose of 180 mg/d. Of the 72 study patients, 53 (74%) completed 8 wk of dose titration with cinacalcet. In response to cinacalcet, the following mean percentage changes were observed: biPTH, -1.8%; Ca, -9.7% (P < 0.0001), phosphorus, -11.1% (P < 0.0001), and Ca x P, -20.1% (P < 0.0001). At the end of the study, approximate Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative targets for biPTH (< or = 160 pg/ml) were achieved in 85% (45 of 53) of patients and for Ca x P (< or = 55 mg2/dl2) in 72% (38 of 53) of patients. Concurrent achievement of both targets occurred in 47% (25 of 53) of patients. In this open-label clinical trial, hemodialysis patients who had controlled PTH but elevated Ca x P and were taking moderate- to high-dose active vitamin D derivatives achieved improved control of mineral metabolism with a combination of low-dose active vitamin D derivatives and cinacalcet. The long-term effects of this treatment regimen on clinical outcomes should be tested prospectively.
View details for DOI 10.2215/CJN.00870805
View details for Web of Science ID 000242172600018
View details for PubMedID 17699221