The incidence of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) continues to rise. While treatment options have increased dramatically in the last few years, few patients achieve a cure. The standard of care for mRCC in cytokine-eligible candidates is nephrectomy followed by high-dose IL-2. High-dose IL-2 can induce durable complete remissions, but only select patients can enjoy its benefits owing to toxicities. While not curative, the newer targeted therapies offer a broader patient population the chance for treatment response and prolonged survival. This review highlights the historical background of cytoreductive nephrectomy in mRCC, discusses the available treatment options and considers alternative treatment paradigms, such as the integration of the targeted agents with nephrectomy and the use of systemic therapy as medical selection for determining appropriate nephrectomy candidates.
View details for DOI 10.1586/14737140.7-12.1749
View details for Web of Science ID 000251891100016
View details for PubMedID 18062749