The influence of the surgeon's preoperative goal regarding the extent of tumor resection on patient outcomes has not been carefully studied among patients with nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas.To analyze the relationship between surgical tumor removal goal and patient outcomes in a prospective multicenter study.Centrally adjudicated extent of tumor resection (gross total resection [GTR] and subtotal resection [STR]) data were analyzed using standard univariate and multivariable analyses.GTR was accomplished in 148 of 171 (86.5%) patients with planned GTR and 32 of 50 (64.0%) patients with planned STR (P = .001). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of GTR goal were 82.2, 43.9, 86.5, and 36.0%, respectively. Knosp grade 0-2, first surgery, and being an experienced surgeon were associated with surgeons choosing GTR as the goal (P < .01). There was no association between surgical goal and presence of pituitary deficiency at 6 mo (P = .31). Tumor Knosp grade (P = .004) and size (P = .001) were stronger predictors of GTR than was surgical goal (P = .014). The most common site of residual tumor was the cavernous sinus (29 of 41 patients; 70.1%).This is the first pituitary surgery study to examine surgical goal regarding extent of tumor resection and associated patient outcomes. Surgical goal is a poor predictor of actual tumor resection. A more aggressive surgical goal does not correlate with pituitary gland dysfunction. A better understanding of the ability of surgeons to meet their expectations and of the factors associated with surgical result should improve prognostication and preoperative counseling.
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