Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) calcium is known to be associated with adverse procedural outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), yet its effect on midterm outcomes has not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of LVOT calcium on 2-year mortality after TAVI. A total of 537 consecutive patients underwent TAVI and 2 groups were established, stratified based on the severity of the LVOT calcium. The primary outcome was 2-year overall survival rate. The =moderate LVOT calcium group included 107 patients (19.9%) and the remaining 430 patients (80.1%) were included in the =mild LVOT calcium group. After a median follow-up of 717 days (interquartile range 484 to 828), the Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the 2-year overall survival probability was significantly lower in the =moderate LVOT calcium group than in the =mild LVOT calcium group (log-rank p?=?0.001). On a Cox hazard model, =moderate LVOT calcium was associated with increased all-cause mortality after TAVI (hazard ratio 1.74, p?=?0.009). In the subgroup analysis, based on valve designs, SAPIEN 3-TAVI done in the setting of =moderate LVOT calcium had a relatively similar survival probability as those of =mild LVOT calcium (log-rank p?=?0.18), which is in contrast with older generation valves (log-rank p?=?0.001). In conclusion, patients with =moderate LVOT calcium were shown to have a lower survival probability in the midterm follow-up after TAVI, compared with those with =mild LVOT calcium. Patients with high-grade LVOT calcium should be monitored with longer-term follow-ups after TAVI.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.08.018
View details for Web of Science ID 000417889000018
View details for PubMedID 28941599