Polyethylene wear debris induces progressive osteolysis by increasing bone degradation and suppressing bone formation. Polyethylene particles inhibit the function of mature osteoblasts, but whether polyethylene particles also interfere with the proliferation and differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) particles on the osteogenic activity of primary murine bone marrow osteoprogenitors and MC3T3-E1 preosteoblastic cells in vitro. Submicron-sized UHMWPE particles generated from wear simulator tests were isolated from serum-containing solution by density gradient centrifugation. The particles were coated onto the surface of culture wells at concentrations of 0.038, 0.075, 0.150, 0.300, and 0.600% v/v in a layer of type I collagen matrix. Primary murine bone marrow cells and MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts were seeded onto the particle-collagen matrix and induced to differentiate in osteogenic medium for 20 days. Exposure of both cell populations to UHMWPE particles resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in mineralization, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, and osteocalcin production when compared with control cells cultured on collagen matrix without particles. Complete suppression of osteogenesis was observed at particle concentrations > or =0.150% v/v. This study demonstrated that UHMWPE particles inhibit the osteogenic activity of osteoprogenitor cells, which may result in reduced periprosthetic bone regeneration and repair.
View details for DOI 10.1002/jbm.a.32001
View details for PubMedID 18442106