Joint replacements of the hip and knee are among the most clinically successful operations. According to figures compiled by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the number of primary total hip replacements performed in the USA was 220,000 in 2003. This was 38% more than in 1996 and this number is expected to rise to 572,000 (plus another 97,000 revisions) by 2030. The number of primary total knee replacements performed in 2003 was approximately 418,000 and is expected to rise exponentially with the increasing numbers of baby boomers and the aging population. Current research focuses not only on extending implant longevity, but also on improving function to meet the increased demands of today's patients, who are likely to be younger and more active than their predecessors two decades ago. Potential advancements in arthroplasty surgery include new, more wear-resistant bearing surfaces, porous metals to enhance osseointegration and replace lost bone stock, a clearer understanding of the biological processes associated with periprosthetic osteolysis, minimally invasive surgery and computer assisted surgery. Long-term studies are needed to establish the efficacy of these new technologies.
View details for DOI 10.1586/17434440-5.3-383
View details for PubMedID 18452388