Despite the introduction of newer treatment approaches in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), overall survival remains disappointing and further exploration of current chemotherapeutic agents for second or third-line treatment is imperative. We conducted a phase II trial to determine the efficacy and safety of the combination of thalidomide and capecitabine in mRCC.We enrolled 13 eligible patients, who had progressive measurable metastatic disease, between May 2003 and January 2005. Treatment consisted of thalidomide 200 mg daily for 21 days per cycle, and capecitabine 1250 mg/m(2) twice daily for 14 days per cycle. The primary end point was response rate. Secondary endpoints included overall survival and toxicity assessment.Twelve patients were eligible for statistical analysis. The median age was 59 years, and most patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1 (92%). Nine patients had previous nephrectomy. The median number of administered cycles was 4 (range 2-10). Anemia was the only grade 3 toxicity. Grade 2 toxicities included fatigue, constipation, anemia, hand-foot syndrome, diarrhea, and peripheral neuropathy. Although no radiographic responses were observed, 5 patients (42%) achieved stable disease. Seven patients (58%) experienced disease progression. The median overall survival was 10.2 months.Despite being well tolerated with manageable side effects, the use of thalidomide and capecitabine in patients with mRCC did not significantly impact response or survival.
View details for DOI 10.1097/COC.0b013e318168ef47
View details for Web of Science ID 000260123000003
View details for PubMedID 18838876