Gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancers can be treated with equipoise using neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NACRT) or chemotherapy alone (NAC), but the comparative outcomes are unclear. Patients with non-metastatic T2-4 or N1-3 GEJ adenocarcinoma who underwent definitive surgery and NAC or NACRT were selected from the National Cancer Database. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Multivariable regression and propensity score analysis were used to adjust for age, comorbidity, and other characteristics.We identified 2435 patients treated with NACRT and 648 patients treated with NAC. OS was not significantly different between NACRT and NAC (51% versus 54% at 3 years, respectively, P?=?0.11). Extent of pathological downstaging (complete, partial/mixed, none) after NACRT or NAC was highly prognostic of survival. Patients with no response did equally poorly after either preoperative regimen, and NAC was significantly less likely than NACRT to produce any response (adjusted odds ratio 0.62, P?
View details for DOI 10.1007/s10120-019-00980-6
View details for PubMedID 31230228