Safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamic activity of obinutuzumab, a type 2 anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody for the desensitization of candidates for renal transplant. American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons Redfield, R. R., Jordan, S. C., Busque, S., Vincenti, F., Woodle, E. S., Desai, N., Reed, E. F., Tremblay, S., Zachary, A. A., Vo, A. A., Formica, R., Schindler, T., Tran, H., Looney, C., Jamois, C., Green, C., Morimoto, A., Rajwanshi, R., Schroeder, A., Cascino, M. D., Brunetta, P., Borie, D. 2019


The limited effectiveness of rituximab plus intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in desensitization may be due to incomplete B-cell depletion. Obinutuzumab is a type 2 anti-CD20 antibody that induces increased B-cell depletion relative to rituximab and may therefore be more effective for desensitization. This open-label Phase 1b study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of obinutuzumab in highly sensitized patients with end-stage renal disease. Patients received 1 (day 1, n=5) or 2 (days 1 and 15; n=20) infusions of 1000-mg obinutuzumab followed by 2 doses of IVIG on days 22 and 43. Eleven patients received additional obinutuzumab doses at the time of transplant and/or at week 24. The median follow-up duration was 9.4 months. Obinutuzumab was well tolerated, and most adverse events were Grade 1-2 in severity. There were 11 serious adverse events (SAEs) in 9 patients (36%); 10 of these SAEs were infections and 4 occurred after kidney transplant. Obinutuzumab plus IVIG resulted in profound peripheral B-cell depletion and appeared to reduce B cells in retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Reductions in anti-HLA antibodies, number of unacceptable antigens, and the calculated panel reactive antibody score as centrally assessed by single-antigen bead assay were limited and not clinically meaningful for most patients (NCT02586051). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

View details for DOI 10.1111/ajt.15514

View details for PubMedID 31257724