Biomechanical comparison of bone-screw-fasteners versus traditional locked screws in plating female geriatric bone. Injury DeBaun, M. R., Swinford, S. T., Chen, M. J., Thio, T., Behn, A. A., Lucas, J. F., Bishop, J. A., Gardner, M. J. 2019


OBJECTIVES: To biomechanically compare plated constructs using nonlocking bone-screw-fasteners with interlocking threads versus locking screws with traditional buttress threads in geriatric female bone.METHODS: Eleven matched pairs of proximal and distal segments of geriatric female cadaveric tibias were used to create a diaphyseal fracture model. Nonlocking bone-screw-fasteners or locking buttress threaded screws were applied to a locking compression plate on the anterolateral aspect of the tibia placed in bridge mode. Specimens were subjected to incrementally increasing cyclic axial load combined with constant cyclic torsion. Total cycles to failure served as a primary outcome measure, with failure defined as 2mm of displacement or 10 degrees of rotation. Secondary outcome measures included initial stiffness in compression and torsion determined from preconditioning testing and overall rigidity as determined by maximum peak-to-peak axial and rotational motion at 500 cycle intervals during cyclic testing. Group comparisons were made using paired Student's t-tests. Significance was set at p<0.05.RESULTS: Bone-screw-fastener constructs failed at an average of 40,636±22,151 cycles and locking screw constructs failed at an average of 37,773±8433 cycles, without difference between groups (p==0.610). Total cycles to failure was higher in the bone-screw-fasteners group for 7 tibiae out of the eleven matched pairs tested. During static and cyclic testing, bone-screw-fastener constructs demonstrated increased initial torsional stiffness (7.6%) and less peak-to-peak displacement and rotation throughout the testing cycle(p<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: In female geriatric bone, constructs fixed with bone-screw-fasteners incorporate multiplanar interlocking thread geometry and performed similarly to traditional locked plating. These novel devices may combine the benefits of both nonlocking and locking screws when plating geriatric bone.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.injury.2019.10.032

View details for PubMedID 31703961