Workplace violence among prehospital care providers in India: a cross-sectional study. BMJ open Lindquist, B., Koval, K., Mahadevan, A., Gennosa, C., Leggio, W., Niknam, K., Rao, G. V., Newberry, J. A., Strehlow, M. 2019; 9 (11): e033404


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) establish the prevalence of safety threats and workplace violence (WPV) experienced by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in a low/middle-income country with a new prehospital care system, India and (2) understand which EMTs are at particularly high risk for these experiences.SETTING: EMTs from four Indian states (Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Telangana) were eligible to participate during the study period from July through November 2017.METHODS: Cross-sectional survey study.PARTICIPANTS: 386 practicing EMTs from four Indian states.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of any WPV was 67.9% (95%CI 63.0% to 72.5%). The prevalence of physical assault was 58% (95% CI 52.5% to 63.4%) and verbal assault was 59.8% (95% CI 54.5% to 65%). Of physical assault victims, 21.7% were injured and 30.2% sought medical attention after the incident. Further, 57.3% (n=216) of respondents reported they were 'somewhat worried' and 28.4% (n=107) reported they were 'very worried' about their safety at work.CONCLUSION: WPV and safety fears were found to be common among EMTs in India. Focused initiatives to counter WPV in countries developing prehospital care systems are necessary to build a healthy and sustainable prehospital healthcare workforce.

View details for DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033404

View details for PubMedID 31772106