Diet Quality and its Association with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality. Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver Yoo, E. R., Kim, D. n., Vazquez-Montesino, L. M., Escober, J. A., Li, A. A., Tighe, S. P., Fernandes, C. T., Cholankeril, G. n., Ahmed, A. n. 2020


Healthy diet has been recommended for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), although it is not clear whether improving diet quality can prevent mortality. We aim to assess the impact of quality of diet on NAFLD and mortality in subjects with and without NAFLD.We performed cohort study using the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1988 to 1994 and linked mortality data through 2015. We used the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores to define diet quality, with higher HEI scores (Q4) indicating better adherence to dietary recommendations. NAFLD was defined as ultrasonographic hepatic steatosis.Multivariate analysis showed that subjects with higher diet quality were inversely associated with NAFLD in a dose-dependent manner. During the median follow-up of 23 years, having a higher diet quality was associated with reduction in risk of all-cause mortality in the age, sex, Race/ethnicity-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (Q4, HR:0.60 95% CI: 0.52-0.68) and the multivariate model (Q4, HR:0.81 95% CI: 0.71-0.92). Higher diet quality was associated with a lower risk for all-cause mortality in subjects without NAFLD; however, this protective association with diet quality was not noted in those with NAFLD. Furthermore, a high diet quality was associated with a lower risk for cancer-related mortality in the total population and among those without NAFLD. This association was not noted in those with NAFLD.High diet quality was inversely associated with NAFLD and was positively associated with a lower risk for cancer-related and all-cause mortality in those without NAFLD.

View details for DOI 10.1111/liv.14374

View details for PubMedID 31910319