Hypoperfusion Intensity Ratio Correlates With Angiographic Collaterals In Acute Ischemic Stroke With M1 Occlusion. European journal of neurology Guenego, A., Fahed, R., Albers, G. W., Kuraitis, G., Sussman, E. S., Martin, B. W., Marcellus, D. G., Olivot, J., Marks, M. P., Lansberg, M. G., Wintermark, M., Heit, J. J. 2020


PURPOSE: Among patients with an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) secondary to large-vessel-occlusion, the hypoperfusion-intensity-ratio (HIR, TMax>10 volume / TMax>6 volume) is a strong predictor of infarct growth. We studied the correlation between HIR and collaterals assessed with digital-subtraction-angiography (DSA) before thrombectomy.METHODS: Between January 2014 and March 2018, consecutive patients with an AIS and a M1 middle-cerebral-artery occlusion who underwent perfusion imaging and endovascular treatment at our center were screened. Ischemic core (mL), HIR and perfusion mismatch (TMax>6sec minus core volume) were assessed through MRI or CT perfusion. Collaterals were assessed on pre-intervention DSA using the American-Society of Interventional and Therapeutic-Neuroradiology/Society of Interventional-Radiology (ASITN/SIR) scale. Baseline clinical and perfusion characteristics were compared between patients with good (ASITN/SIR 3-4) and those with poor (ASITN/SIR 0-2) DSA collaterals. Correlation between HIR and ASITN/SIR was evaluated using Pearson's correlation. ROC analysis was performed to determine the optimal HIR threshold for the prediction of good DSA collaterals.RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients were included. 49% (48/98) had good DSA collaterals, those patients had significantly smaller hypoperfusion volumes (TMax >6sec 89mL versus 125mL; p=0.007) and perfusion mismatch volumes (72mL versus 89mL; p=0.016). HIR was significantly correlated with DSA collaterals (-0.327 [IC 95%: -0.494 to -0.138; p=0.01]). A HIR cut-off of <0.4 best predicted good DSA collaterals with an odds ratio of 4.3 (1.8-10.1) (Sensitivity=0.792, Specificity=0.560, AUC=0.708).CONCLUSION: HIR is a robust indicator of angiographic collaterals and might be used as a surrogate of collateral assessment in patients undergoing MRI. HIR<0.4 best predicted good DSA collaterals.

View details for DOI 10.1111/ene.14181

View details for PubMedID 32068938