Clinical and Patient-Reported Outcomes After Hybrid Russe Procedure for Scaphoid Nonunion. Hand (New York, N.Y.) Shapiro, L. M., Roe, A. K., Kamal, R. N. 2020: 1558944720911214


Background: Hybrid Russe technique for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion with humpback deformity has been described with a reported 100% union rate. We sought to evaluate the reproducibility of this technique. Methods: We completed a retrospective chart review of patients with a scaphoid waist nonunion and humpback deformity treated with the hybrid Russe technique from 2015 to 2019 with a minimum of 3-month follow-up. Twenty patients with 21 nonunions were included (mean follow-up: 7.0 months). Scapholunate angle was the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcomes included: intrascaphoid angle, radiolunate angle, pain on the visual analog scale (VAS), and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) score. Other variables included: time to computed tomography (CT) union, range of motion, and complications. Descriptive statistics were presented. Pre- and postoperative angles, VAS, and QuickDASH scores were evaluated with Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: The mean scapholunate angle improved -17.6° ± 6.4°. The mean intrascaphoid angle improved 28.2° ± 6.3°. The mean radiolunate angle improved 12.8° ± 8.8°. Of the 21 scaphoids, 20 (95%) demonstrated union on a CT scan. One patient was diagnosed with a nonunion. In total, 90% of patients noted symmetric range of motion compared with the contralateral side. The mean VAS pain score improved 6 ± 3 points. The mean QuickDASH score improved 10 ± 8 points. Complications (aside from nonunion) included 1 patient with persistent wrist pain that resolved with removal of hardware. Conclusions: The hybrid Russe technique for the treatment of scaphoid nonunions with humpback deformity demonstrates a 95% union rate. This technique is effective, reproducible, and may serve as an alternative to techniques that include structural grafts from distant sites.

View details for DOI 10.1177/1558944720911214

View details for PubMedID 32188288