Race, sex, poverty, and the medical treatment of acute myocardial infarction in the elderly CIRCULATION Rathore, S. S., Berger, A. K., Weinfurt, K. P., Feinleib, M., Oetgen, W. J., Gersh, B. J., Schulman, K. A. 2000; 102 (6): 642–48


Race, sex, and poverty are associated with the use of diagnostic cardiac catheterization and coronary revascularization during treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the association of sociodemographic characteristics with the use of less costly, more readily available medical therapies remains poorly characterized.We evaluated 169 079 Medicare beneficiaries >/=65 years of age treated for AMI between January 1994 and February 1996 to determine the association of patient race, sex, and poverty with the use of medical therapy. Multivariable regression models were constructed to evaluate the unadjusted and adjusted influence of sociodemographic characteristics on the use of 2 admission (aspirin, reperfusion) and 2 discharge therapies (aspirin, beta-blockers) indicated during the treatment of AMI. Therapy use varied by patient race, sex, and poverty status. Black patients were less likely to undergo reperfusion (RR 0.84, 95% CI 0. 78, 0.91) or receive aspirin on admission (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96, 0. 99) and beta-blockers (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.88, 1.00) at discharge. Female patients were less likely to receive aspirin on admission (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.97, 0.99) and discharge (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.96, 0.99). Poor patients were less likely to receive aspirin (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0. 96, 0.98) or reperfusion (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.93, 1.00) on admission and aspirin (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.96, 1.00), or beta-blockers (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.91, 0.99) on discharge.Medical therapies are currently underused in the treatment of black, female, and poor patients with AMI.

View details for DOI 10.1161/01.CIR.102.6.642

View details for Web of Science ID 000088638400017

View details for PubMedID 10931804