Knee or Spine Surgery First? A Survey of Treatment Order for Patients With Concurrent Degenerative Knee and Lumbar Spinal Disorders. The Journal of arthroplasty Goodman, S. B., Lachiewicz, P. F., Liu, N., Wood, K. B. 2020

Abstract

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and lumbar spine surgery have been reported to affect the outcomes of each other. There is insufficient evidence to guide the choice of treatment order for patients with both disorders that are equally symptomatic.Five clinical scenarios of concurrent, advanced, degenerative knee and lumbar spinal disorders were designed to survey surgeons' choices of treatment order and rationale. The spinal disorder was consistently degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis, but the knee conditions varied to include (1) osteoarthritis (OA) with varus deformity, (2) OA with valgus deformity, (3) rheumatoid arthritis with a severe flexion contracture, (4) OA without deformity, and (5) bilateral OA with windswept deformities. The survey was distributed to selected clinical members of the Knee Society and Scoliosis Research Society in North America. The surgeons' choices were compared among the 5 scenarios, and their comments were analyzed using text-mining.Responses were received from 42 of 74 (57%) knee arthroplasty surgeons and 55 of 100 (55%) spine surgeons. The percentages of knee arthroplasty surgeons recommending "TKA first" differed significantly among scenarios: 29%, 79%, 55%, 7%, and 81% for scenarios 1 through 5, respectively (P < .001). A similar pattern was noted for the spine surgeons.For patients with concurrent degenerative knee and lumbar spinal disorders, the severity and type of knee deformity influenced the preference of treatment order in both specialties. Severe valgus deformity and windswept deformities of the knee would drive the decision toward "TKA first."

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.arth.2020.03.018

View details for PubMedID 32247672