Evaluation of Cyclophosphamide/GVAX Pancreas Followed by Listeria-mesothelin (CRS-207) With or Without Nivolumab in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer. Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research Tsujikawa, T. n., Crocenzi, T. n., Durham, J. N., Sugar, E. A., Wu, A. A., Onners, B. n., Nauroth, J. M., Anders, R. A., Fertig, E. J., Laheru, D. A., Reiss, K. n., Vonderheide, R. H., Ko, A. H., Tempero, M. A., Fisher, G. A., Considine, M. n., Danilova, L. n., Brockstedt, D. G., Coussens, L. M., Jaffee, E. M., Le, D. T. 2020


Two studies in previously-treated metastatic pancreatic cancer have been completed combining GVAX pancreas vaccine (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-secreting allogeneic pancreatic tumor cells) with cyclophosphamide (Cy) and CRS-207 (live, attenuated Listeria monocytogenes expressing mesothelin). In the current study, we compared Cy/GVAX followed by CRS-207 with (Arm A) or without nivolumab (Arm B).Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who received one prior therapy for metastatic disease and RECIST measurable disease were randomized 1:1 to receive treatment on Arm A or Arm B. The primary objective was to compare overall survival (OS) between the arms. Additional objectives included assessment of progression-free survival, safety, tumor responses, CA19-9 responses and immunologic correlates.Ninety-three patients were treated (Arm A, 51; Arm B, 42). The median OS in Arms A and B were 5.9 (95% CI, 4.7, 8.6) and 6.1 (95% CI, 3.5, 7.0) months, respectively, with a hazard ratio 0.86 (95% CI, 0.55, 1.34). Objective responses were seen in three patients using immune-related response criteria (4%, 2/51, Arm A; 2%, 1/42, Arm B). The grade 3 related adverse event rate while higher in Arm A (35.3% vs 11.9%) was manageable. Changes in the microenvironment, including increase in CD8+ T cells and a decrease in CD68+ myeloid cells, were observed in long-term survivors in Arm A only.While the study did not meet its primary endpoint of improvement in OS of Arm A over Arm B, the OS was comparable to standard therapy. Objective responses and immunologic changes in the tumor microenvironment were evident.

View details for DOI 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-3978

View details for PubMedID 32273276