Skeletal Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Otolaryngologic clinics of North America Awad, M., Capasso, R. 2020


This article focuses on the role of skeletal surgery within the modified Stanford protocol with particular attention focused on the evolved role of MMA. First, surgery in patients presenting with congenital dentofacial deformity or characteristic drug-induced sleep endoscopy findings, then the growing role of maxillary expansion in a newly identified patient phenotype, and finally genioglossus advancement, are discussed. Less commonly used and validated techniques, such as isolated mandibular advancement and maxillomandibular expansion are not discussed in this article.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.otc.2020.02.008

View details for PubMedID 32334864